Energy and Fuels
Health and Food
Reduce - Reuse - Recycle
Soil For Life
What Goes On, Goes In
In short, we explain what the problem is, what causes it, and what our readers can do to help.
Vision: To be at the heart of technology education and innovation in Africa
Mission: Our mission is to develop and sustain an empowering environment where , through teaching, learning, research and scholarship our students and staff, in partnership with the community and industry, are able to create and apply knowledge that contributes to development.
Nature of Business
CEF (Pty) Ltd. researches, finances, develops and exploits appropriate energy solutions - including oil, gas, electrical power, coal and coal bed methane, solar energy, low-smoke fuels, biomass, wind, hydro electricity, other renewable energy sources and liquid fuels refined from crude oil or manufactured in coal to liquid (CTL) or gas to liquid (GTL) plants - to meet the future energy needs of South Africa, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and sub-Saharan Africa.
CEF, which is governed by the CEF Act, also manages the operation and development of the oil and gas assets and operations of the South African government, which is its only shareholder. The CEF Act also establishes the Central Energy Fund and the Equalisation Fund and determines that CEF will take up the shares in SFF, responsible for managing South Africa's strategic crude oil stocks on behalf of the government.
The company is controlled by the Minister of Minerals and Energy and consists of seven operating subsidiaries which focus on gas and oil exploration, oil trading, petroleum products, promoting offshore and onshore exploration, tank terminal management, pollution prevention and control, gas infrastructure development, renewable energy and low-smoke fuels.
CEF manages some of the cash resources of the Mine Health and Safety Council and calculates the monthly petrol and diesel price for the DME. The assets and liabilities of the Equalisation Fund are managed by CEF, but are not controlled or owned by CEF. CEF carries out the administration of the Road Accident Fund levies payable by the oil companies in terms of the CEF Act.
Norad Petroleum Project
The South African Department of Minerals and Energy (DME), the Norwegian Agency for Development Co-operation (Norad) and CEF are jointly financing and managing the Norad petroleum project to strengthen the capacity in the DME and associated regulatory institutions; improve the quality of policy and legislation for South Africa and the SADC; optimise the regulatory dispensation for the oil exploration and production sector to provide an internationally competitive industry; develop strategies to empower historically disadvantaged South Africans and address gender issues in the upstream oil and gas and downstream liquid fuel and gas sectors; and develop policies to encourage the use of natural gas.
A CUT about the rest...
The Central University of Technology, Free State (CUT) centres itself on career-oriented training, community involvement and applied research, thus positively contributing to the South African higher education arena. The CUT aspires to foster an institutional culture that reflects and serves the social order in South Africa, underpinning our vision to be a globally connected African university of technology that focuses on the needs of Southern Africa and supports graduates for citizenship with skills and competencies in appropriate technologies. It is our calling to deliver high-quality appropriate Science, Engineering and Technology (SET) academic programmes supported by applied research. We foster national as well as international ties with other institutions of higher learning, and several students from our neighbouring countries and abroad pursue their studies here. As such the CUT educates, trains and produces perceptive, socially conscious and relevant graduates in its three faculties, namely Engineering, Information and Communication Technology; Health and Environmental Sciences; and Management Sciences.
The university’s main campus is situated in Bloemfontein – in the heartland of South Africa. The university also has regional learning centres in Welkom to cater for students in the Goldfields area, and in Kimberley in the Northern Cape. Our Bloemfontein campus houses a full array of modern buildings with well-equipped laboratories and lecturing venues. The university has a large Library and Information Centre. The Lapeng Student Centre is a vibrant venue hosting a wide variety of student activities, as well as numerous other services. Excellent sporting facilities on campus cater for the needs of sports enthusiasts, with a host of formally organised sport codes varying from athletics, soccer, rugby and cricket to basketball, volleyball and netball.
We like to refer to our students who completed their studies as practuandi and not graduandi. Simply because students who have graduated from the CUT by receiving an academic qualification with a combination of theoretical and practical knowledge. Our students enter the job market not only with academic knowledge; they have had experience in the industry – proof that they can do the job. They have the foundation to be our country’s new generation of forward thinkers.
At the CUT we help shape the future of approximately 1 500 practuandi per year who also all have the opportunity to further their studies with the help of our Graduate School. As a university of technology the CUT specialises in Science, Engineering & Technology (SET) applied research. The university recognises the importance of partnerships with industry/business and government to meet its research objectives and to contribute to the wellbeing of society. Research programmes include:
New product development and design
Automated material handling and radio frequency identification
Information and communication technology
Applied food science and biotechnology
Socio-economic development studies
Our Science Park places technological expertise and skills at the disposal of the community so that businesses can implement this knowledge in practice. Projects are undertaken with the aim of teaching people new skills and promoting job creation. By reaching out to the community, the CUT has managed to improve the standard of living of many people. As from 2006 the CUT can also boast another fabulous first in central South Africa – the Free State’s first Fabrication Laboratory (FabLab), which provides a thriving incubator for local micro-businesses. The FabLab gives users the ability to locally conceptualise, design, develop, fabricate and test almost anything. Other centres of applied research include:
Centre for Rapid Prototyping and Manufacturing
Tshumisano Technology Station
Centre for Environmental, Community and Industrial Development
School for Entrepreneurship and Business Development
Centre for the Built Environment
Thanks to strict financial control measures and the careful management of resources, the CUT can boast one of the lowest levels of outstanding fees in South Africa. However, it is only through the highly appreciated assistance of organisations such as yours that the CUT can maintain its ability to contribute to the community at large.
By standing together as business partners, we can pool our resources to make an even greater difference in the community we serve. We trust that you will support us in our endeavours, and that we may approach you for financial assistance.
At our University, we equip students with the necessary knowledge, skills and hands-on experience to pursue a career of their choice - putting them at the cutting edge of their fields.
Our vision & objectives
The Centre for Sustainability in Mining and Industry (CSMI) is recognised globally as a centre of excellence in Africa for the training and education of managers, practitioners and regulators in sustainable development. The centre concentrates on occupational safety and risk management, occupational health, the bio-physical environment, community investments and stakeholder engagement.
The objectives of the centre are to:
Be an African-based global leader in education and training in the fields of safety, health, the environment and the community (SHEC)
Provide recognised and accredited training in these fields for managers, practitioners, regulators and stakeholders in mining and industry
Provide education leading to recognised academic qualifications for professionals wishing to pursue careers in these SHEC fields, in the private sector, industry, government or non-governmental organisations
Facilitate co-operation between leading institutions in the delivery of courses relevant to SHEC in industry
Create an internationally recognised database of SHEC indicators
Build a resource for practitioners, stakeholders and others in the health, safety, environment and sustainable development fields
Undertake research in support of the objectives of the centre's objectives which also promote best practice in SHEC
Transferring knowledge, promoting sustainable development
The Centre for Sustainability in Mining and Industry (CSMI) aspires to be a global leader in the provision of education and training in the fields of Safety, Health, Environment and Community Impact Management (SHEC). From its base within the School of Mining Engineering at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, the Centre is able to integrate the best of global sustainable development and SHEC practices and programmes. The work of the Centre is enriched and broadened by incorporating the experience of a variety of disciplines, including social sciences, medicine, engineering and natural sciences.
The Centre offers a comprehensive range of colloquia, courses and training modules from the policy and strategic planning level of sustainable development theory to practical workplace-focused courses. CSMI staff also supervise fully accredited MSc and PhD research programmes.
The origins of the CSMI
The establishment of the CMSI arose from the recommendations of the Global Mining Initiative and the Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development (MMSD) project, both of which stressed the importance of sustainable development in the mining industry. The importance of these issues was reaffirmed at the 2002 World Summit for Sustainable Development (WSSD) held in Johannesburg. As part of their commitment to sustainable development, BHP Billiton, Lonmin and AngloGold Ashanti formed a partnership with the School of Mining Engineering at the University of the Witwatersrand, and the Centre was established on 1 April 2004.
A recent survey indicated that 87% of line managers in the South African mining industry had no formal SHEC training. South African tertiary institutions do not adequately serve the needs of industrial SHEC practitioners in South Africa, whereas universities abroad have established a number of safety and safety science management degrees.
Pressure for change
The mining industry, both nationally and internationally, suffers from a poor public image, but it is well-positioned – particularly in Africa – to make a lasting positive impact on the socio-economic development of the continent. Mining has often had a negative impact on the safety, health and welfare of employees and surrounding communities.
These impacts can be minimised or eliminated through knowledge, consultation, planning and commitment. Governments, shareholders, employees, and non-governmental organisations are placing increasing pressure on companies to do more than merely comply with legislation, but to also report transparently on their impacts and mitigating measures. If mining companies are to meet these challenges, the training of company employees and capacity–building in the communities in which mines and beneficiation plants operate are key requirements.
Energy and climate change
Increasing reports and scientific evidence of climate change and global warming are an indication that we all have a role to play in reducing our “carbon footprint” on the earth. One of the aims of the City of Cape Town is to establish an awareness of the physical limits of resource use (e.g. electricity) on future development and to consequently minimise the impacts of resource use on the environment and enhancing people’s quality of life. The City strives to be at the forefront of sustainable development in South African local government.
The City has developed an Energy and Climate Change Strategy [PDF 2.1 MB] to integrate sustainable energy approaches into its core functions, with a framework that provides a clear vision and direction for the City as a whole.
An adaptation framework has been produced in response to the potential short- to medium-term impacts of climate change in the Cape metropolitan area. The Framework for Adaptation to Climate Change in the City of Cape Town (FAC4T) [PDF 1.8MB] is an overarching framework for a city-wide consolidated and co-ordinated approach to reducing vulnerability to climate impacts. By following this framework, a City Adaptation Plan of Action (CAPA) for the City of Cape Town will be developed and the necessary resources mobilised for its implementation.
Various projects and programmes concerning energy and climate change are run by the Environmental Resource Management Department, including:
1) The Kuyasa Energy Efficiency Project, which is a thermal efficiency upgrade project that aims to retrofit existing low-income houses in Kuyasa with solar water heaters and improved insulation measures
2) The Solar Water Heater Advancement Programme, which aims to encourage and facilitate the adoption of solar water heater use in Cape Town
The core role of energy within cities, in terms of socio-economic development and environmental sustainability, is being increasingly
recognised by local authorities. Energy plays a key role in providing basic services and meeting basic human needs, such as jobs, food,
running water, sanitation, education and health services. Addressing these issues, inevitably involves an increase in the level of energy
service. In South Africa, the production of energy is largely fossil fuel based. This type of energy production is the key factor in what is
seen as the most serious environmental threat facing the world today – global warming and related climate change.
The earth’s atmosphere is now warming at the fastest rate in recorded history, a trend that is projected to cause extensive damage to
forests, marine ecosystems, biodiversity and agriculture. Human settlements are also threatened by climate change as sea levels rise,
storms become more intense, and episodes of drought and flooding increase.
The City of Cape Town therefore recognises the need for planning more sustainable approaches to their energy production
and use, to promote economic development and meet social needs while reducing local and global environmental impacts. In parallel
with these mitigation efforts, a need has been identified to minimise the harmful and negative impacts of climate change on
vulnerable communities and ecosystems.
Cape Town is the first city in Africa to develop a comprehensive
Energy and Climate Change Strategy. This strategy forms part
of the City’s overarching Integrated Metropolitan
Environmental Policy (IMEP).
WHAT IS IMEP?
Through IMEP, the City of Cape Town (CCT) has
acknowledged its custodianship of its environment by
adopting a broad definition of the environment, which includes
the physical, built, cultural and socio-economic factors.
In this regard, a number of strategies have been developed,
i.e. a Biodiversity Management Strategy, Air Quality
Management Strategy, Coastal Zone Management
Strategy, Energy and Climate Change Strategy and an
Environmental Education and Training Strategy, in order to
ensure sustainable resource use and management of a very
The CCT has become a leading city in South Africa, as well as
the continent in this regard. IMEP was adopted in
October 2001. www.capetown.gov.za/environment
WHAT WILL THE CAPE TOWN ENERGY AND
CLIMATE CHANGE STRATEGY ACHIEVE?
The strategy aims to, on the one hand reduce the man-made
causes of climate change through the promotion of a more
sustainable use of energy, and on the other, to identify
communities and ecosystems most vulnerable to the impacts
of climate change in order to minimise these impacts.
This will be achieved through the integration of sustainable
energy approaches in core City functions; within a framework
that provides a clear vision and direction. Co-benefits include
improved service delivery and financial stability in City of
Cape Town operations, improved air quality, greenhouse gas
reduction and the promotion of socio-economic development.
CLIMATE CHANGE & THE CLEAN
DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM (CDM)
Cape Town recognises the global concerns about
climate change, and acknowledges the
responsibility of all players, including local
authorities, to be proactive on this issue.
The City continues to explore feasible approaches
in this regard, in particular the Clean
Development Mechanism (CDM).
The CDM is a mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol,
whereby industrialised countries can invest in
projects in developing countries that reduce
greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
CDM projects should promote local sustainable
Many measures in this Energy and Climate Change
Strategy are aimed at reducing the ‘carbon
footprint’of Cape Town. The first CDM project in
South Africa has been registered, focused on energy
efficiency in low income housing in Kuyasa,
Khayelitsha. A challenge is to apply this model to
all new social housing.
Other projects are being investigated to capture
methane from landfill sites. Large potential exists for
CDM in industrial energy efficiency, renewable energy,
waste treatment and other sectors. The City is part of
the international Cities for Climate Protection network
hosted by ICLEI, which promotes capacity building and
demonstration projects linked to carbon emissions
reduction. It is clear that the City will need active
support from and partnerships with other players in
the energy field, both locally and international,
if we are to achieve our goals.
The CSIR is one of the leading scientific and technology research, development and implementation organisations in Africa. Constituted by an Act of Parliament in 1945 as a science council, the CSIR undertakes directed and multidisciplinary research, technological innovation as well as industrial and scientific development to improve the quality of life of the country’s people.
The CSIR is committed to supporting innovation in South Africa to improve national competitiveness in the global economy. Science and technology services and solutions are provided in support of various stakeholders, and opportunities are identified where new technologies can be further developed and exploited in the private and public sectors for commercial and social benefit.
The CSIR’s shareholder is the South African Parliament, held in proxy by the Minister of Science and Technology.
Profile of the CSIR
The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
Printable copy in PDF format
The CSIR in South Africa performs multidisciplinary research and technological innovation with the aim of contributing to industrial development and the quality of life of people of this country -- and increasingly on the wider continent. We employ people who are experts in their fields and passionate about creating a better future through science.
Who are we?
Constituted by an Act of Parliament in 1945, the CSIR is one of the leading science and technology research, development and implementation organisations in Africa. The CSIR’s main site is in Pretoria, while it is represented in other provinces of South Africa through regional offices.
Core focus on science
The CSIR transfers the knowledge generated through research activities by means of technology and skilled people. The generation and application of knowledge reside at the core of the CSIR. This takes place in domains such as biosciences; the built environment; defence, peace, safety and security; materials science and manufacturing; and natural resources and the environment.
Emerging research areas:
These are areas of science, explored by the CSIR, that could be unique to local circumstances or successful internationally and need to be established for local competitiveness. Examples include nanotechnology, synthetic biology and mobile autonomous intelligent systems.
National research centres:
The CSIR houses specialist facilities of strategic importance for African science. These include information and communications technologies; laser technology; and space-related technology.
Activities include intellectual property (IP) management, technology transfer (for commercial gain as well as for social good), knowledge dissemination and impact assessment.
Consulting and analytical services:
The CSIR has a group of facilities that manages standard technology-based services. The experts in this group utilise the value of CSIR knowledge application activities by providing specialised consulting, analysis and testing services to address the needs of clients. Services include forensic fire investigations, food and beverage analysis, environmental testing, engineering forensics, wire rope testing, mechanical testing, fires and explosion tests, sports technology and analysis, and project management.
Supporting national imperatives
South Africa’s national imperatives and global challenges provide the macrostrategic framework within which the CSIR conducts its research. In an effort to contribute to placing our continent on a path of sustainable growth and development, the organisation supports and actively participates in the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD).
The CSIR contributes to the national programme of development by:
Building and transforming human capital
Strengthening the S&T base
Performing relevant knowledge-generating research and transferring technology and skilled human capital.
How do we operate?
The CSIR receives an annual grant from Parliament, through the Department of Science and Technology (DST), which accounts for close to 40% of its total income. The remainder is generated from research contracts with government departments at national, provincial and municipal levels, the private sector and research funding agencies in South Africa and abroad. Additional income is derived from royalties, licences and dividends from IP management and commercial companies created by the CSIR. The parliamentary grant is focused on the knowledge base and facilities in the CSIR to ensure these stay at the leading edge of technological development. It is invested in developing new areas of expertise, undertaking ‘pre-competitive’ research too risky for the private sector to fund and for training young researchers. The CSIR’s shareholder is the South African Parliament, held in proxy by the Minister of Science and Technology.
The CSIR has clients in both the private sector (micro, small, medium and large enterprises; formal and informal), as well as in the public sector (national, provincial and local government). The organisation also deals with public enterprises and institutions, national safety and security establishments, and development structures. Regionally and abroad, the CSIR fosters partnerships and a network of clients and partner organisations as part of a global sphere of influence on matters of technology. The CSIR liaises closely with tertiary education institutions. With a strong emphasis on relevant and developmental work, it also has strong roots in various communities, and collaborates with a wide range of donors and funding agencies.
DME is the South African Department responsible for the administration of the mining laws and for promoting the development of the industry.
Special Projects Chief Directorate
The office of the Chief Director: Special Projects reports to the Director-General. Its purpose is to develop programmes on special projects that focus on the participation of vulnerable groups such as women, the youth and children in the mining and energy sectors. Through these programmes, female participation is encouraged through training, capacity building and development. Youth and children's programmes cover education and career planning within the sectors.
The Special Projects Chief Directorate engages learners in career guidance to opt for skills in the mining and energy sectors. Learners are drawn from disadvantaged communities and most of them cannot afford tertiary education. This is one attempt by the department to address the shortage of skills in these sectors.
The Special Projects Chief Directorate also focuses on issues of poverty alleviation and job creation as part of its rural and urban development programmes.
VISION: To be a prosperous and equitable society living in harmony with our natural resources.
MISSION: To lead sustainable development of our environment and tourism for a better life for all, through:
•Creating conditions for sustainable tourism growth and development for the benefit of all South Africans.
•Promoting the conservation and sustainable utilisation of our natural resources to enhance economic growth.
•Protecting and improving the quality and safety of the environment.
•Promoting a global sustainable development agenda.
- Bilateral Relations
- Africa Multilateral Relations
- International Multilateral Relations
- South African Representation Abroad
- Foreign Representation in South Africa
- Web sites of SA Missions
SOUTH AFRICAN REPRESENTATIVES ABROAD
- Embassies/High Commissions 103
- Consulates/Consulates General 14
- Honorary Consulates/
Honorary Consular Agency 64
- Other (e.g. Liaison Office) 2
- Non-resident Accreditation N/A
- International Organizations N/A
FOREIGN REPRESENTATION IN SOUTH AFRICA
- Embassies/High Commissions 115
- Consulates/Consulates General N/A
- Honorary Consulates/
Honorary Consular Agency N/A
- Other (e.g. Liaison Office) 1
- Non-resident Accreditation 17
- International Organizations 21