Reducing policy and regulatory barriers, building capacity and piloting renewables are crucial steps in enabling the deployment of renewable energy (RE) to conflict-prone Afghanistan.
RE is high on Afghanistan’s political agenda. Only 10% of its rural population currently has access to electricity. Therefore, rural areas will benefit from the development of mini and micro-hydro and PV mini-grids.
Since 2003, GIZ (on behalf of BMZ) has been supporting Afghanistan’s efforts to provide its rural population with clean and affordable electricity. GIZ provides policy advice to national and provincial authorities on regulation and planning, including the involvement of the private sector in operating power schemes. GIZ also supports counterparts in training renewable energy technicians. To ensure energy efficient generation and transmission of power, GIZ advises the national Standardisation Authority in adopting and implementing electro-technical standards.
To demonstrate the feasibility in building and operating hydro and PV schemes under complex political and security circumstances, GIZ is supporting the establishment of nine PPP-managed renewable energy pilot schemes. Six of the plants have been completed and generate clean and cheap energy (0.07 EUR/kwh) for more than 75,000 people, with downtimes under 20%.
Inspired by such successes and not least due to a committed Renewable Energy Department, decentralised renewables are on the rise in Afghanistan. In future, the Afghan Government plans to electrify most rural areas, with significant support from the private sector.
For further information, contact Martin Hoffmann (martin.hoffmann.giz.de)