Tanzania has a minimum installed solar capacity estimation of 2.5 MWp. Annual sales in solar PV in 2008 were approximately 300 kWp. PV sales have been increasing at a sustained rate of over 15 % per year for the last five years with a strong bias towards the urban market. The procurement for rural systems is set to increase, driven by a rural electrification programme.
Tanzania can boast relatively stable political and economic indicators within the region. Emerging solar PV off-grid has a potential market installation size of 35 MW, largely formed of solar home systems. Opportunities in off-grid PV include the telecom, tourism, mining and small-scale commercial sector, partly driven by increasing costs of running diesel generators.
Distribution linkages are poorly established across Tanzania, partly due to the geographical size of the country. In the consumer solar home system (SHS) market there is a poorly developed and inconsistent offering across sales and installation, whilst the players in the larger institution market invest in overseas training but there remains a lack of recognised accreditation and guarantee of quality installation.
Government policy in general is supportive of solar power, especially in solar water heating and in solar PV in the rural areas, through the Rural Energy Agency and the World Bank backed programme establishing road maps for development of solar PV procurement to service clustered markets. A solar feed-in tariff is not established yet; however, there is consumer demand and regional changes in policy that may encourage Tanzanian policy. Marketplace standards are established for equipment and installations but without the clear capacity for enforcement.